Abraham said, "thyme, fennel, and rosemary. Good for spices, little more.
Abraham said, "I am already doing pretty much everything exposed there but the air well which I don't trust. However, the soil still turns to dust in summer without irrigation. Dryland in the Mediterranean is such a different beast!
Yes, pretty similar if it is on the coast.
I got no long term experience with dry mediterranean climates, but i´ve been at a friends place in coastal Granada ( so might be very similar to yours) a few times and I see what works for him.
I wrote this post a few months ago, so let me update it. We already have many of these species: mulberry (very small yet), fig trees (producing), pomegrenate (no fruits yet), but also olive trees, almonds, and carob. The people who managed the garden before us planted a lot of fruit trees: oranges, lemons, bananas (though it dries off before fruiting), apricots, apples (all died), they are all too small or on the way to dieying, because we have really no water.
Without to much constant care
- Pomegranates do very well for him, he got several varieties from iran and neighboring central asia that are used to desert like climates and can take a bit of beating from the sun and wind.
- mulberries. Fast growing but likes a bit of nursing in the begining
- The native dateplum (D. lotus) as Antonio mentioned
- apricots and similar stonefruits but needs a little more care to get established
- pistachio but haven't fruited for him yet, so not sure how well its crops at his place
- various kinds of cacti including opuntia species and I think peruvian apple cactus but not sure on that one
- He got some acacias that are very hardy and seems to do fine but he dont know what species they are
- Date palms, not fruiting yet (I would try Jubaea chilensis and some of the Butia species too)
He grows lots more but this is what I remember right now
I think fast growing (and nitrogen fixing) tree legumes like mesquite (Prosopis species) and some of the acacias should maybe work alright for you as shade and nursing plants.
See what wild and naturalised species thrives a little more south of yours in the more arid and extreme climates of north africa ex. right across the med into Morocco.
If you haven't come across Brad Lancaster yet, look up his work
an initial large input of organic matter or water will not necessarily make the whole project unsustainable in the long term, but will greatly increase the number of species that will be successful,
I’m in the Pacific Northwest so a lot more wet in the winter than your location but I’ve got a 3+ month dry season. The plants that have proven most drought tolerant for me are: chestnut, quince, fig, pomegranate and olives. I’d recommend getting some chestnuts going from seed so they have a taproot. They’re tough trees that’ll provide you with coppice, staple food and shade. Various palm trees would also likely work such as date palm if your conditions will allow it or jelly palm if not.
I can think of a bunch of “maybe drought tolerant” species but I think those are probably best avoided when you’re just starting out.
As an aside: it’s probably worth checking out what Geoff Lawton did in the Dead Sea valley. He did some amazing work there and they showcase a bunch of very drought hardy species.
Abraham Palma wrote:ziziphus jujube? Already trying to plant some.
I think jojoba is Simmondsia chinensis?