Ended up using a bit more salt, adding some water at the end of top off the jars, and included some cloves of garlic, and lightly crushed mustard and cumin seeds. Saved some of the outer leaves as someone had mentioned earlier in the thread to cover the tops of the jars and make it easier to push everything back down as it bubbles. I had another head of cabbage to be fermented, but ran out of jars, so I’ll probably just make a veggie soup with that one!
I started the lacto-fermentation of some chopped carrots and grated beets using a salt brine, with the guidance of content found on the forums and some additional research.
Preparation Salt Brine: 2 Tbsp salt per 3 cups of filtered water, mixed at room temperature
Vegetables: Carrots and beets
Seasoning: Dill, sage, and garlic cloves for the carrots; Dill, mustard seed, hot pepper, and minced garlic for the beets
Peel and chop carrots, grate beets
Lightly pound beets with seasoning to incorporate
Pack vegetables into sanitized jars
Fill with salt brine to fully submerge vegetables (I used a piece of leek for weight)
Cover jars with cloth and tighten (I used a coconut-based cloth)
Ferment for 1-2 weeks, tasting throughout to determine your preferred results
This was my first attempt at using salt brine for fermentation; so simple and makes a happy gut! My recipe yielded just over 1 qt total.
I've been fermenting for a while - sauerkraut, ginger carrots, green tomatoes, and last year my daughter and I made pretty authentic kimchi, which was a whole thing, but I don't have the requisite pictures of that process. So, I will share a very simple ferment with you: kvass.
Kvass can be several things, but I'm using it to denote simply fermented beets. I always end up eating the chunks of salty beet pickles, but the main product is the deeply colored liquid. It's so deeply colored that just a little bit makes a whole glass of kvass, and it's not even salty when you dilute it that much.
So, it's just chunks of red beet in a salt brine. I make the salt brine by putting a couple of tablespoons of salt in a measuring cup, then add very hot water to dissolve, then add cold water to dilute to, um, medium salty. More salty than chicken soup, but not crazy salty. Then, I take my organic beet that I've washed and cut into chunks, load up a jar, add enough brine to cover and add a weight to keep the veggie chunks submerged. A lid with an airlock lets it breathe, and then you wait.
When it's ready, you just pour out the liquid a little at a time and drink it greatly diluted. It's a great thing for my daily fast (I eat OMAD - between 6pm and 9pm, generally) as it's quite low carb/low calorie but very flavored.