I've been chewing on the idea of a framework for implementing communities, and writing some bits down. Along the way, I discovered three Israeli models, the kibbutz
, the moshav ovdim
(commonly shortened to just moshav
), and the moshav shitufi
. They vary primarily by level of Communism, from a kibbutz
, where everyone shares everything, to a moshav ovdim
where it's really a collection of individual productive households (e.g. they have their own land, livestock, and infrastructure) that share resource acquisition (buyers groups) and marketing. In the middle is the moshav shitufi
, where production is shared, both in feeding the community and producing things for sale, and resources are shared, but things like consumption management are left to individual households.