Lotsa good stuff in there! Thank you!
I realize that my question wasn't as clear as I had thought, though.
The crux of my problem is that I don't understand where the individual corners of my land are located on a map.
On the survey map, all of the coordinates printed near the corner points are on some coordinate system that I don't understand. For instance, the top border says, "S 89 00 38 E 801'" --Now I understand the 801' part; but I don't know what to do with those coordinates. GPS reads from North, not South, and I tried figuring what that would be by North-reckoning, but failed.
There's the North-Easternmost corner that looks like the datum point for reference for all the others, since it's all zeros, but I don't know how I can locate just that one point on a map.