I recently helped Max, a friend that does bee removals professionally, remove and relocate 2 outdoor hives to my home. The bigger colony did not stay in their new super more than a couple of days. the smaller colony has stayed in the super I provided for them. Both hives were located under a tree limb as to give them protection from the rain. I live in So CA (zone
and it was Max's opinion that the bees that live in outdoor hives will have a hard time making it through the winter.