I think, perhaps that this thread is almost completely missing the physics of the PAHS that is described in Hait's book.
Specifically, the "deep earth" temperature isn't constant, and can be altered (by things we do) for an annual effect. Most of the examples in the book are showing how to warm up enough mass under the umbrella to work with the slow thermal migration and create a long-term/annual temperature that is higher than the lower temps in the winter, but the concepts should still be sound and equally apply to doing the opposite.
For example, if one follows the "coolth" design plan, it encourages heat to escape during the colder months, and thereby cooling the same thermal mass under the umbrella that was previously being warmed for annual storage, and the overall effect, is that all that earth that you're worrying about warming the freezer from below (and on the sides if it's highly bermed), are actually the "coolth" storage for the year, and needs to be thermally coupled with the cold winter air as often as possible, so it can store up the "coolth" enough to last until the next winter.
The reason for angling the
cooling tubes up, is to allow them to work opposite of what they'd do for a warmth storage system, and do so passively.
The thermal mass is NOT the enemy, it is the engine that should drive this luxury sports car in grand style!
You probably need to have a huge amount of air/heat flow through there in winter, and in the summer, the vents can probably be reduced in flow, just to provide any minimum ventilation, so as to prevent suffocation or stagnation, but the real work is the freezing the thermal mass (all of it) under the umbrella, and if it won't last all year, then you needed either more thermal mass, or colder winter temperatures, or greater winter heat exchange.
I'd like to add, even in a true PAHS home, it's not expected to reach its stable temperature passively for about 5 years, and prior to that, it will probably be somewhat cold in the winters. The difference is with a home, the occupants will often speed that process up, by adding heat of a "non-passive" means, to improve their creature comforts and survivability, which is harder and/or more expensive to do with a freezer design. I don't know if the 5-year wait to get it to store ice cream properly, is worth it to many folks?
In the short-term, it can at least start out as seasonal storage, but probably won't even start to be useful as a freezer, even for seasonal use in the first winter, unless it's a pretty cold one, and year-by-year, the temps should creep downward, and stabilize after about 5 years. The only way I can think of, to quicken this process, is to massively increase the winter air-flow and thus the winter thermal exchange/exhaust - kind of the opposite of running the cast-iron stove in the winters to stay warm for a few years, until the building is storing enough heat to remain comfortable without it - but much like not running the cast-iron stove in the summer as much as possible to avoid unwanted heating, you wouldn't want to run your really big vents to your freezer in the summer either. Presumably, after 5 years or so, you won't even need to run larger vents in the winter either?