I have a KitchenAid mixer with a grainmill attachment that I use a lot. Combined with the bulk section of the local co-op that has different whole grains, it makes it cheaper to experiment with different types of grain (I found i like Einkorn a lot). There is a time element to it, though if you're making your own bread you already are used to going slow. As a single person it makes more sense to grind my own grain, because I can grind what I need and I'm not left with flour that goes rancid.
I use copymethat, and like it a lot. My problem stems mostly with the fact that I forget to use it, or I don't put things in the right categories, or I decide to make something, get all the ingredients, and then don't make it. (Yay for ADHD). But I think for people who use digital organizers properly, CopyMeThat is a good one.
That's a great list to start from! Sometimes the list of survival needs are long and complicated, and you've boiled them down to essentials. It looks doable, even for those of us in tiny apartments. So thank you!
It's always interesting to me what different people call fasting. I'm an Orthodox Christian and we follow the traditional way of fasting during times such as Lent, Advent, Weds and Fri, etc. Only fasting for that is basically eating vegan and eating less than normal. There are times of total fasting (not eating at all) - before taking communion, certain holy days like Good Friday - but mostly fasting is eating less, eating simply. I'm not always good at it, but I find it often makes me feel better, and helps me to concentrate on God as I'm not really thinking about what to eat - with limited choices it's easier to throw something simple together.
Jeff, I can sympathize with your frustration. I live in a city (thankfully an old-fashioned one with more green spaces than, say, NYC), near to my parents. My parents did the farm thing in their youth and noped out of there after the state forced them to kill all their chickens due to a salmonella outbreak - the best thing they can say about it is that it was a learning experience and now they know they never want to farm anything again. Thankfully that doesn't mean they don't like growing things - I share a few community garden plots with my mom.
And that's a thing that's nice about my city - there is a large group of people into urban farming with a series of community gardens. Is there something similar in your area? (I know in Florida it might be more difficult). Even if your family isn't involved in it, community groups like that are a good place to meet like-minded individuals. Is there a farmer's market near you? Maybe the farmers there could use some help, or just willing to talk about permaculture with you.
I live in a city apartment and it will take me awhile to earn the money needed for land nearby. I have no experience building, so my plan is to hopefully get land with a small house and start from there. But it's frustrating waiting for that to happen. So I work the community garden plot, and tend my window plants, and I found a teacher to teach me sewing, and I'm trying to badger my dad to teach me basic woodworking. I've taught myself crochet and make my own grocery bags. I make my own yogurt, and am attempting fermenting other things. I try to bake my own bread, and cook most of my food (going out has always been a treat, not something common).
I am definitely not always successful. I attempted basket-weaving and nearly cut the tip of my finger off. I've yet to succeed in fermenting anything other than yogurt, or at least anything I want to eat. I often forget to make bread, so when I need it I have to buy it. We have had a total of 5 zucchini coming from our many plants at our community plot this summer and the Mexican bean beetles decimated the beans.
But I am enjoying my permie attempts! I know I may never be a homesteader with a cow and sheep, a spinning wheel and loom, acres of food forest, or build my own house. But I do what I can to improve myself, little by little, and try to enjoy the process. My understanding of permaculture is that the point is not the end product - a picture-perfect homestead, but the process of becoming more and more self-reliant, learning news things, and improving oneself and one's knowledge. So I guess that is my suggestion - do what you can and enjoy the process, both successes and failures, as I think even if you succeed in your wildest dreams, if you don't learn to enjoy the process you won't enjoy the dream either.
Ben Child wrote:from my studies , which including listening to any doctors and scientists, that have been pushed away from the forefront, the cause is usually vaccines. the host culture goes through a filter, but th edna gets fragmented. when this is added to the nano particles of metal and goes through the blood brain barrier, the brain attempts to figure out what its supposed to fight..often ties its your own body. Anti inflammatory lifestyle is the best solution.. we've been experimented on our whole life and their is a consequence . you mean nothing to the medical establishment
Umm, did you miss the part where I talked about how my great-grandmother had terrible arthritis and that it's so inheritable that it probably went back generations before her? They weren't exactly giving rural Pennsylvanians regular vaccinations in 1900.
Also, since everything I want to say about vaccine conspiracy theories would probably get me thrown out of the forums, may I politely suggest that is a topic better suited for the cider press.
I've always considered tone of voice rather than words. There's a world of difference between "Hey, how are you doing?" when said casually, tone swinging up and down, signalling that it's good to see someone and "Hey. How are are you doing?" said sofly, head tilted forward and down when you really want to know how someone is feeling. The first I know that the speaker is just saying hi, that the correct response is "Good, how are you doing?" before you launch into further small talk. The later is when someone actually wants to know if you're struggling, if you need help. Now, if I don't want to go into what's going on in my life, I'll just brightly reply "I'm doing good, how about you?" and the person usually gets I don't want to talk about it. And if I'm the one asking someone else how they're doing/feeling, I try to read their body language beforehand and when they respond I try to follow their lead.
It took me awhile to learn this - I lean towards the neurodivergent and the ins and outs of conversation is something I only figured out with practice. And I know for some people, figuring out tone and body-language is very hard. But yah, for me it's all tone and body language, not necessarily words.
Jay Angler wrote:That suggests you may be hunching forward during the day, or your spinal discs are shrinking during the day. My friend has a weird contraption that she can clamp her legs into and tip it back until she's slightly hanging head down - only about 15 degrees from horizontal when she started. This is like having very gentle spinal traction safely done at home (so long as you don't try going further than your body thinks is comfortable!) If the machines weren't so bulky and expensive, I'd try one at home myself.
the highest rib sticks out noticeably by my neck
That suggests that at least part of the problem is coming from the spine, or the clavicle. If the clavicle's in the wrong spot, but the rib's in the right spot, it might look out of place. In a mirror, do your clavicles look similar on both sides?
Just to point this out again for people who might also be having shoulder problems. One of the first signs that my neck was getting arthritis was my shoulder hurting. Turned out my posture (scrunched and hunched) combined with a family history of arthritis had increased inflammation in my spine and worn down the cartilage. The pain had first radiated out to my shoulder before locating more specifically on my spine. Physical therapy helped immensely, though if I don't do my exercises often enough the pain comes back.
But yah, shoulder pain could actually be back pain.
Perhaps not particularly permaculture, but when people do not have a lot of resources I always point them to the library. Need to teach yourself something? The library probably has that book for free. Need internet access to start a business? Libraries have free computers to use and may have free wifi hotspots to check out. Need to know the resources available in your area? Libraries usually have a list.
All of it is free and almost every librarian (there are always exceptions) want to help you succeed. We've had patrons go from homelessness to professional jobs only on what the library can provide.
(Note: some libraries are also starting seed libraries and tool libraries, so see if yours does too! I also suggest asking your librarians about starting them if they don't already, as librarians are always looking for ways to improve!)
I am definitely going to try this! Whenever I make sourdough bread it is always too much for me to eat by my lonesome before it gets rock hard, and I just got a dehydrator (25 bucks on Facebook marketplace!) so I'm raring to use it! Thanks for the idea!
Anne Miller wrote:Almost all plants have value in our lives.
Most plants and trees are edible, provide shade, and help add oxygen to the air.
Trees provide a place for mushrooms to grow.
Oh, I agree 100%! Even gum trees have their uses. Doesn't mean I have to like them! I guess that's what I mean by 'annoying'. For some plants, it's a bit like some members of your family. You love them, but they annoy the heck out of you, and they couldn't pay you to live with them. There is a large gum tree in the park near the community garden I work in and while I could sit underneath it for some shade, usually i give it a side-eye and go sit underneath the maple.
And I'm not talking about weeds or invasives or plants that cause problems in your garden/yard. I'm talking about that plant that annoys you for trivial or no reason at all.
For example, my annoying plant is the gum tree (Liquidamber). I just...dislike that tree so much. Those annoying, pointy seed pods just litter the ground and you step on them and trip yourself, or you sit on one during a picnic or something else annoying and/or painful. I'm sure the trees are useful. Apparently the wood is good for furniture, and the resin can be a chewing gum replacement, and I don't care. If I ever buy a house/land and it has a gum tree, that's the first thing to go. I might legitimately choose not to buy land with a gum tree on it if I have other options. They're just...annoying.
Definitely going to follow this for future apple tree planting! I've had Ginger Gold from zone 7 and they were delicious! I'm pretty picky about my eating-apples being very firm and, I guess the word is acidic but I always say sour or tart (for reference, my favorite commercial apples are Pink Lady, Honeycrisp, and I used to eat Granny Smiths straight with peanut butter). Ginger Gold hit the sweet spot.
Winesaps and Staymans are also quite good for fresh eating in Zone 7, and also work well for applesauce. But my favorite for applesauce is Jonathon - if you cook them down with the skins the applesauce turns pink! And it's sweet enough to not need extra sugar. I've heard Jonathons are good eaten fresh too, but that would take them away from the applesauce, so...
As someone with hypotension (genetic, my mom has it too. I sympathize with the strange looks when donating blood!), I've tried to drink more, eat more salt, and move more. I still can't stand upright for more than a dozen minutes without getting light-headed and my breathing going funny. My next step is to try licorice, but I've been putting it off because I don't like the taste and I try to take as few processed vitamins as possible since they're unregulated and I'm never sure what's actually in them.
I will say, the water, salt, and exercise has helped with not having my vision go black when I stand up, which happened a lot when I was younger. So there's that!
I'm definitely going to follow this thread, because it's a dream of mine too! (though it will be years before I can do anything with it). It would be interesting to hear how you plant things to create the hedge - I know there's shaping involved, but not sure how to do it!
My nephew is non-verbal autistic and the sweetest child imaginable. I wish I could do more to help him flourish, but I live far away and my ex-sister-in-law has primary custody of the kids. He's afraid of most animals and loud sounds, but he loves drawing and puzzles and I think he'd be a lot happier in the quiet of a permie homestead than he is in the city and public schools. I think one of the reasons I'd love to one day have my own quiet home with a garden and maybe even a homestead is so he and his siblings could have a place to retreat to once they're older and can make more of their own decisions.
Of course, having a diagnosed family member has revealed several autistic tendencies of the rest of our family. Like my parents had to teach me how to maintain eye contact with people, and how to hold conversations, and how 'most people' work. And maybe most second graders don't get so obsessed with things that they draw a detailed reconstruction of the Titanic and could relate all the details about the different classes on board and what happened when and to whom, then moved on to the Eruption of Mt. Vesuvius and then the next obsession and the next... (my second grade teacher was the best teacher ever - she encouraged my special interests even though she had a giant class to teach).
I sometimes worry that permaculture is just another one of my obsessions that I'll lose interest in over time, especially once i am able to purchase land and actually begin working it, but I'm hopeful that it is varied enough that I can just cycle through different parts of the permaculture experience without boredom!
OK, long story short, I'm a librarian and a patron whom I know gardens (he sometimes brings in produce for us) checked a book out on hostas and I was like, "Oh cool, hostas. I wish you luck, the deer keep eating my mom's." He looks me dead in the eye and says "Mix a gallon of water with an egg and a drop of dish soap. Spray it on the hostas. The longer you egg rots the better."
So I do as I'm told and tell Mom about the mixture and she's frustrated enough to try it, and now my parents have hostas and even roses that have not been eaten. Every time we talk about gardening, now, Mom tells me to be sure to thank the patron next time I see him even though I've already thanked him, like, twice.
I've never been able to use tampons - whenever I tried they always hurt. And the thought of sticking a cup up there just makes me flinch, no matter how much people say they feel fine. I'm so glad I found reusable cloth pads, though, they have been life-changing! I've always had heavy periods and after awhile the plastic/paper pads started making down there ache for some reason. Cloth pads may be bulky and tedious to wash, but I'll never go back except for emergency situations.
On a related note, my periods are now longer but not as heavy thanks to taking norethindrone for endometriosis - even better I'm not bent over in agony every month!
Ooh, and I guess that might work for other greens too? We love greens and summer can be disappointing for lack thereof. We try to hold onto them as long as possible, but maybe a few areas of replanting...
I've only done some fermenting and use the silicone tops with a glass weight. But I only have so many, so I sometimes just use a smaller jam jar filled with water and covered in cloth, and that works well too. I'm hoping to try more this year, since we're getting pretty good with the garden plot.
Take what is known as a "Navy Shower". Don't run water continuously during shower. Instead, turn on water and let it warm sufficiently (catch warm-up water in bucket for toilet flushing), wet down thoroughly, then turn off water while soaping and scrubbing. Finally, turn water back on to rinse. Sort of like you already wash your dishes. The result is a 3-minute shower vs. a more traditional 10-12 minutes shower. This will save a lot of water and especially water heating energy.
This has always perplexed me. At most, my shower - soaking, sudsing, and washing - takes 5 minutes. Granted, I have short hair, but it was the same when it was longer. Sometimes I indulge in a couple extra minutes in the winter for warmth, but I could never understand how people take 15 minute showers. What are they doing, scrubbing down every inch of skin? Is this counting people who shave their legs in the shower, because I've never done that - always sudsed up separately and rinsed off in the shower itself.
Thanks for updating this thread so I could find it! I've used the spoon theory for years now for my introvertness, my executive dysfunction, and for my hypotension (low blood pressure). When I feel low on spoons I try to remember that I need to hydrate and eat (usually something salty) for hypotension, be by myself for the introvertedness, or go and do something for the dysfunction. Today, seeing this, I reminded myself that even though it's hot (something that really makes me lethargic and feeds my executive dysfunction), I need to clean since that will give me spoons from feeling accomplished at overcoming the executive dysfunction. And it worked! Now I just need to vacuum, get groceries, and go pick up the dehydrator I found on Facebook Marketplace. That will take spoons, but also hopefully put some in the drawer for tomorrow. (I find that spoons gained from accomplishing tasks tend to be future spoons - they don't come immediately but the next day I can look back and grab the spoons from the past)
A particular line of my maternal family has a long history of terrible arthritis in their hands (like, the tops of their fingers bending sideways, intense pain bad). IT's gone for at least three generations (mom, grandmother, great-grandmother). My uncle, who also has it, started a gluten-free diet which he found helped, so my mom started it and she has had a remarkable recovery. The swelling on her fingers has subsided remarkably, and the pain has decreased dramatically. There is still damage from the years of arthritis, and her grip is still weak, but she absolutely swears by the diet now. Interestingly, I've done 23andme and according to them, I have one of the variant genes that predisposes people to Celiac disease. I'm wondering if that would be a reason for the arthritis in my family.
Interestingly, the same family line also has a history of depression and anxiety, it would be interesting to know if there is a connection (though the depression and anxiety starts at a very young age and the arthritis doesn't show up until later).
Knowing all this, I probably should go gluten-free myself as a preventative measure, but I am far too addicted to wheat products and my hands don't hurt yet. I am trying to work more sourdough and whole-grain wheat and home-baked goods into my diet instead of processed goods, in the hopes that that helps (though considering my great-grandmother and her siblings had arthritis I would be doubtful if modern food is the cause).
Relatedly, I recently read "An Epidemic of Absence" by Moises Velasquez-Manoff, who posits that the rise of autoimmune disease may be caused by a lack of helminths (parasitic worms) in people. He makes a compelling case, but again, my family history makes me wary of that conviction. After all, my great-grandmother was one of 11 children who lived on a farm - the very kind of people the scientists quoted in the book say should be protected by exposure to helminths and other microbes. My grandmother was one of four, but lived in a community with close contact with various cousins, and also on a farm. My mother was one of five and she grew up on Navy bases around the world, running around barefoot in the Philippines, and has distinct memories of being treated for worms.
It's anecdotal, of course, but it makes me think that there is something more to autoimmune disorders that simply the absence of helminths, or the presence of certain things like gluten. So I figure that I will do my best to eat real, whole, local foods, and dig in my garden when I have a chance. And if/when I start getting arthritis, as is likely, I know to go for a gluten-free diet and/or try the autoimmune protocol diet.
This is the first year we tried garlic (planted last fall). Just got the scapes (have to figure out what to do with them) which is so fun! There was also a row that seemed to just be wilting in the last few weeks. Not completely dried leaves, but absolutely just...fell over. So I did pull those and some of the bulbs even looked decently big, so I'm pretty happy about that. I used some for soup last night and it's kinda amazing how easy it is to de-paper fresh cloves. Anyway, quite pleased with how things have gone so far, and looking forward to the rest of the garlic to be ready for harvest! (I'm of Italian descent, we basically survive on garlic).
Oh, question: has anyone tried dehydrating things like garlic in an air fryer? We planted soooo much garlic and were thinking of turning some into garlic powder, but we don't have a dehydrator (I say we - I share the garden with my mom who lives nearby and she has an air fryer).
I love the idea! I watch Youtube while crocheting so I have something else to occupy my mind (pretty sure I have undiagnosed ADHD) and I could definitely see myself crafting along with this (even though it's a different craft!).
I think it's related to permaculture concepts, but on a forest model. There are usually several levels - climbers, ground cover, root vegetables, herbaceous, shrubs, lower tree level, canopy level. The idea is to grow things from each layer - For the canopy you might have larger nut trees like walnuts, fruit trees for the lower tree level, berry shrubs, perennial plants like asparagus and rhubarb and herbs, root crops like alliums and Jerusalem artichokes and ginger, ground covers like creeping herbs and strawberries, and climbers like grapes and beans. You plant them like they would be in a forest setting instead of in rows. You can keep or remove layers as possible in your garden (like it might not be big enough for a canopy layer).
I guess I see it a bit like companion planting? I've not done it myself, but I find the concept interesting! And I think you change things depending on your climate. (In another thread on blueberries it was discussed how blueberries can grow quite well in the shade of trees in certain areas, but maybe not in higher latitudes.)
I sometimes say I'm a part-time vegan because it's easier to explain than to go into the details of the fasting rules of my religious faith (Eastern Orthodox). I'm not always good at it, but I try to follow the rules which say for about 2/3 of the year, give or take, one should abstain from meat, eggs, and dairy products and try to limit portion sizes, but all other foods are pretty much ok. Olive oil, wine, and fish are sometimes allowed during fasting periods, sometimes disallowed. I suppose I could say I eat vegetarian, but during fasts vegetarian-ok foods like dairy are not allowed, and during feast periods meat is allowed so it's not really a vegetarian diet either. 'Part-time vegan' just seems to encompass it pretty well.
I can't imagine not eating leftovers, though honestly as a single person you could easily call what I make 'batch cooking'. I've been trying to move to storing in glass and beeswax wraps. but it's very hard to get away from the plastic. I think I need to find a few bigger pieces because most of mine are too small for things like large batches of soup and I end up using far too many mason jars.
Though honestly, and this may be a little weird to people, I'm coveting my mom's flour and sugar jars because they are the best - large, glass, with sturdy glass tops. Of course, usually we don't tell people that they are my great-uncle's old specimen jars from when he was a dean of anatomy at University of Pennsylvania. My great-uncle still has a few in his house and when he passes away (hopefully not for a very long time because he is the sweetest man you have ever met and the world will be a greyer place without him in it), I'm going to have to fight my sister for them. I figure as long as I give them a few good cleanings it doesn't really matter what was in them in the 70s, right?
Thanks y'all, I will definitely try the suggestion of cutting the slips! (And we have so far had not too many problems with mammalian pests, mostly insectoid, so hopefully the squirrels will keep well enough away).
Any suggestions for squash borer? Last year our cucumbers and zucchini were hit hard. We're thinking of covering the plants with gauze or wrapping the stems in tinfoil. I know someone suggested coating the stems with snuff works, but that sounds like it could be expensive.
So I found a sweet potato starting to sprout in my cupboard and figured I could try to plant it in my community garden plot (note, I have never planted sweet potatoes before). I read somewhere that I needed to put it in water so I did and then promptly forgot about it (I have pretty bad ADHD and it was hidden behind my hoya). So now I have a sprouting and rooted sweet potato and no idea as to the best way to plant it! Do I need to cut it in half? Do I just plant it as deep as I can? Advice would be helpful! (if it helps, we're past our last frost date here so planting is not an issue, just how to do it!)