A few article screenshots about the role of mycellium in Chloride negative ionic uptake in plants. I'm not a biochemist, but it seems like binding the chloride in plant material makes the saline soil inert.
In West Africa, beans are ground into flour. Then mixed with water, spices, and wood Ash. The mixture is spooned into banana leaves and folded to cap. The leaves are placed in a pot with small water and steamed for an hour. A lot of foods have toxins before cooking: rice, plantain, casava, nuts, some fish, and even corn can be fatal. The most interesting secret to cooking beans was the addition of wood Ash. Also known as "ken-wah", the wood Ash is added to foods to remove toxins, speed cooking times, and increase digestion (eliminating gas). Each tribal kitchen has a secret wood Ash recipe. People walk miles just to purchase a specific ken-wah from a specific kitchen. When I added ken-wah to pot of beans: I could cook them in twenty minutes with no soaking. All natural been-o from one of the most hostile climates on the planet.
This is a read-along discussion, as I understand. So I will just follow and make a few comments. I've written about and researched the subject extensively. There are factors in play that have a lot to do with social change, developing interests, legal framework, poverty, and definition of the healthiest way to restore the earth's forest versus making the earth a giant food plantation. If you get the funding: PLEASE DO IT. The developing world follows the money and right now we CANNOT drink the water, and the lumber is being cut and sold to meet the needs of the developed world without being replanted in climate critical areas that surround the world's largest deserts.
The issue has a lot to do with land tenure, who owns the tree, who guards the tree, and who really cares when people are hungry.
So please... be a carbon farmer. If you have any questions, some of the world's top carbon fund managers are in my circle: please ask. My company has put together an extensive carbon farming plan for Africa, but there is no funding for the developing world. (Except for a few GMO interested researchers, me, and maybe Jeff Lawton: who really knows the Sahara can be reforested?) Personally, I love the Venus Project for this plan...that is the idealist in me. Practically, people love the personal satisfaction of the addiction of capitalism: carbon farming appeals to that type of human nature and makes capitalism a little more socially responsible for tapping the economic value of carbon trapped energy.
We could spend a lot of time ranting about the inadequacies of COP21, but I am happy to see that permaculture voices have taken the scientifically correct high road to creating planetary solutions.
This has got me thinking about a worldwide yearly conference of permaculture people that includes an online platform like this one for people to submit policy problems and cultural changes for suggestion and action.
We could do a lot of regional action based on permaculture activity, but include the voices of the planet and pool our resources like never before to act locally to solve specific problems that permaculture addresses. I see people doing this in the creation of large farms and forums like this one.
Would anyone be interested in a yearly climate related event?
I am sure many of us could use help in reaching local people and governments to bring our solutions to the dirt.
Some examples could include media packets, door to door campaigns, how to organize civil societies, motivating people to live sustainable lives through permaculture, local sanitation solutions, etc.
For example, I am working on a separate project for Marine Litter Reduction that includes collecting some of the trash laying all over Africa. People are actually cursing at me because only by my act of collecting trash is inspiring kids to help me. Parents have an attitude that they don't want their kids to work in farming or sanitation and would rather starve and live in their own trash. The COPermaculture could address third world issues by bringing education local solutions that make those industries more attractive.
Thanks to all of your replies and insight: I have been attempting to navigate the Adsense ocean for a few days and came up with a few rules:
Unless you are on blogspot, you must own your site or pay for a plugin.
Adsense won't start paying on a blogspot blog for at least six months.
Chitika is the service I signed up for on my new blogspot: they pay through paypal.
For (only) $99 per year you can use plugins for a store or ads.
(I chose to download the xml for my past blog posts and re-load them on a new blogspot.)
Too bad for Adsense, they have to wait six months for my clicks.
The CafePress Widget appears broken. I really don't know how to fix it. Google doesn't either and gives me a message saying the widget is broken. I tried inserting ads into my CafePress Store- it stripped the java.
Mr. Wheaton you are the Java King. Whilst thou lend me the link to your Java Kingdom?
I saw Mr. Wheaton had started his residual stream with adsense banners and hope this is the place to ask everything about how to make them, how to ad them, and how to organize them.
I just went to google adsense to try to add them to my wordpress blog but ran into difficulty with requirements about not have subdomains etc.
So how do I make a banner for my blog and can I get around the requirements?
This is a great topic. Love you for this Mr. Wheaton.
Hello Permies mates! It has been a few months since I could chat with you all! Phew! We have been busy.
We are pleased to announce the supporting projects for building the New Industry School through our We The Trees Campaign. The proceeds of the campaign will directly fund the building of the school, and create the NGO for other project activities related to permaculture, organic agriculture, renewable energy, and nutrient cycling. [youtube]https://www.youtube.com/qNaAQ6yH85k[/youtube]
We are very excited to bring Permaculture to Africa!
We appreciate your support in our mission to end hunger from soil degradation and unsustainable economic practices of left over dirty energy influences!
Please visit our WeTheTrees campaign where you will find links to our website and many rewards levels in appreciation for your donations!
Here in Africa, I use Eucalyptus oil I bought in America that was imported from Australia. I pour in on invading ant paths too and they hate it. The mosquitoes don't bite me. Also, planting lemongrass and citronella plants in summertime helps to deter them. Dragonflies are definitely the best skeeter eaters. Can you dig the drain field outlet a little deeper so it drains more? Mosquitoes live off of nectar and sugary fruits in between bites, so make sure your compost is covered so they don't have any fuel while biting to reproduce.
Condos would work if the buildings had greenhouses all up the sides of them. I had similar ideas in the Artbermiss system except I thought the buildings should surround the artisan industry areas and garden areas and put streets and water ways and pathways between them. I put the buildings in a hexagonal pattern around the land areas and made the buildings only one story. I thought eventually the owners would build tiny condos in the up direction to sustain the population growth. But really I focused mostly on building a community system that mimicked the natural forest, desert, mountain, wetlands, coastal...etc so people could embed themselves very well in the already existing biological diversity and natural resources of the area. You can see the basic plans in one of my blogs The Artbermiss System.
The first think I thought of when you said bloody but was coccidiosis. It doesn't look like she is being picked at, but definitely keep her isolated...their picking of each other makes the bleeding worse.
Competing with the monetary "profits" of the heavily subsidized chemical agricultural market isn't the goal of permaculture. When I started my permaculture gardens, my goal was to feed my family and not buy empty food. It worked. My oldest son is 17 and over six feet tall. We stayed out of bankruptcy, and we saw our food bill was only 25% of the food bill of our neighbors. And when they were complaining of inflation, we were rejoicing for the good harvest and the sunshine.
Did I pull and dig thousands of weeds? Yes. Did I endure fruit flies, poison hemlock, hornworm (tiger moth) and cocklebur infestations? Yes. Did I get a very dark tan, pull a full back muscles, and chaise the coyotes from my chicken house? Yes. But I also enjoyed delicious varieties of vegetables, the best eggs I have ever tasted, the best chicken I have ever tasted, and the joys of knowing my children were getting the very best food the earth could provide. I give the Creator all of the Glory for revealing His very best methods of feeding my family, for bringing people from hundreds of miles to taste the food of my garden, for keeping our family from debtors and starvation, and for growing my children into healthy and happy teens.
If a person is worried about "making money" from permaculture, the person is ignoring the purpose of growing good food for the best reasons. Start a CSA. Be more attentive to your plants. Study soil nutrition very intently. And not for one day do you leave your garden untended.
I once had a friend visit my house. She complained that my farm had too many "weeds" and my plants were growing very wildly. She enjoyed my food and I enjoyed her company very much. Her house was well groomed, there were no plants growing out of "place" and her lawn was cut very short.
So I asked her (for the sake of conversation) what she would do if she were me. She said she used a product called "Preen". I thanked her politely and served her some very delicious, very large Brandywine tomatoes from my garden. She complimented me on their size, and later she called and said they were delicious.
A few months later my friend took us to the airport. We were going to visit my parents. She sat in the front seat and complained the whole time that her back hurt. I told her she should see a doctor. It could be a kidney infection.
When we returned from the visit, I asked her how she felt. She was still in pain and going to see more doctors. She had two young children and a very busy life, but she was usually happy and didn't complain unnecessarily .
A few weeks later, my friend Susan called me. She was very quiet on the phone. I asked her again how she was feeling. She said she had terminal cancer and a few weeks later I saw her wheeled into church on a gurney. A few weeks after that, she passed.
Its just not worth it to put poison on our hands, on our food, and in our water. Permaculture is worth every second of health and sustainable farming practice.
My advice to anyone who is struggling to get a good garden going: focus on the health of your plants. Focus on picking varieties and plants that are grown very well from your own hands: from seed that hasn't been corrupted by chemicals or "breeding". Focus. Don't complain or compare. There is no comparison. And if you can't focus on anything but the money, you should remember the old saying that says: "Money doesn't grow on trees." And go chase money. Leaving the actual permaculture to those people who care to do it for the reasons it is best practiced.
The board for the New Industry School of Ghana has completed the planning phase and has published the plans for the permaculture school near Accra, Ghana in West Africa.
The economic freedom of the local business environment has placed little burdens on the planning board for building the school. An experienced and qualified construction crew has been found, and the planning phase is complete. We need your feedback and your support!
I thought that if some guy is in a hospital, then the best therapy might be that a woman pops into the room and flashes a boob. Whatever it is that is making that guy sick - it might even be the cure. I suspect that if I were 17 and that happened to me I would probably gain a hundred spoons that day and another couple hundred spoons as I relived the moment in my head for the next several weeks. While this path is riddled with comedy, in all seriousness, I suspect that if a study were done, I think it might turn out to be incredibly powerful (especially for 17 year old boys). Although the flip side is that I think millions of 17 year old boys would feign illness to get "boob therapy".
Paul: Your comment made me think of my father's favorite song.
Laughter definitely increases spoons. Being grateful increases spoons even more. Giving randomly or paying it forward as some call it, be able to smile, hugs (for some people), kisses from our loved ones, holding hands, eating healthy, going for a walk in a green spot and just enjoying the view, giving my ego a good talking to, cooking for some one else, teaching a child something new, petting an animal, and looking at the stars all increase my spoons. I've found this is a personal thing for everyone. In my religion, each of us has a jinn that is supposed to be our guardian. Each jinn likes certain things and I've found that giving my jinn a bit of what she wants increases my spoons a lot. Don't ignore the inner voice-- give it a way to express itself positively and watch your energy increase. Have a spoon filled day!
Love your writing. I'm the tough breed you are looking for, but I'm a little different and I couldn't stay the winter. Montana is really great. Spent many summers there at my great uncle's place chasing grasshoppers and burning tent caterpillars. Plus, I've never made any money at anything, but fed plenty of people and made lots of medicine. And isn't there a fee for staying there? I really can't pay anything except my time. I am thinking of coming back to the states to raise money for the permaculture school here in West Africa. Like I said, I can't do winter. I haven't had running water since I got here, but no complaints here: the birds are all new and the plants are all new and the people...well they are new too... so its always as my hubby says "Gradually." There are no grocery stores, one type of cheese (cheese curd), a pescatarian and four eggs a month diet, malaria, water logged dirt roads, the sound of all night prayer over loud speakers from both Islam and Christians, power shutoffs, and the delightful frog songs.
Malaria has me inside today, thinking on how to solve the power struggle that exists here in introducing permaculture to my apartment area. I know what to build, how to build it, but finding people who will allow me the space and not wreck the work from fear of superstition over insect production is one challenge. The other challenge is the corruption that exists here when you are successful at something: the landowner comes to lay claim to your build and your business. I can lay out the one thousand benefits of permaculture including the reduction of mosquitoes, rebuilding the soil, harvesting the rainwater, etc. but as soon as anyone sees money being exchanged the bullies will come for their cut. There is one way into this and I pray for the small capital to be a landowner...for in Africa that is the key to freedom. Thank you so much for your writings. It brings me back to my roots for a bit to remind me of the simple reasons I came here and the good blessings of permaculture everywhere.
I'm a non-fiction reader so my list is void of novels, but I did read the Clan of the Cave Bear series in 1989 and I fully enjoyed it.
This year's books I am studying are:
Solar Electricity Handbook 2015 Edition by Michael Boxwell
Mini-Farming by Brett L. Markham
Worm Farming by Brian Grant
Methane Production Guide by Richard Jemmett
How to Purify Water by Daniel McKay
My list of future reads:
Top Bar Bee Hives
A Complete Permaculture book - I haven't decided which authors yet
The Permaculuture Student by Matt Powers
A Hausa Language Series
African Plants and Uses
(I'm still shopping for these books so please mention if you have any suggestions. Thanks and Happy reading!)
Welcome to the world of spoonies. As a chronic pain sufferer, spoon theory was introduced many years ago. You can learn to manage your spoons very well and even reserve spoons for later tasks. Being a spoonie makes you aware of all of the days tasks and learn to delegate and plan your energy exertion better as time goes by. You can even learn how to get more spoons during the day through meditation, prayer, naps, power foods, etc. Sometimes I find going to bed within an hour after the sun goes down and getting up within six hours later increases my spoons (but I do take a mid day power nap). Once again, welcome fellow spoonies!
The reason I asked about the batteries: I see small ventilation. Do the batteries need more ventilation than that? When I read "hydrogen ventilation for the batteries", I always thought it was more than that. Its a good idea. I have an idea to put one on a market kiosk here in Africa and use it the same way you are illustrating but for charging cell phones in addition to internet connection for when the power goes out. Here it is called DUMSOR. It means "on/off".
Here in West Africa there are frogs and mosquitoes everywhere. The frogs populate the moving water and the mosquitoes populate the stagnant water. My advice would be to use a ram pump to create a false stream up a slight incline that fills an artificial ditch. Tadpoles are swimming here in 3/8 inch moving water. Be sure to line the bottom with gravel and plant cattails or any plant you find locally in the wetlands area for cover from predators. I wouldn't make the gravel ditch too deep because frogs live in less than twelve inches of water. Fish like the water deeper and eat anything including each other. The water needs to be clean and free from chemicals because frogs breathe through their skin and are sensitive to environmental destruction of water. So if you plan on using grey water, filter it through wetlands plant filters before releasing it to your frog ditch. They need rocks to rest on just under the surface of the water at the shallow edges. Frogs are also sensitive to UV radiation in their reproductive cycle, so providing shade and cover for them from the sun is also important.
Capturing tadpoles locally and moving them to your pond is the easiest way to introduce your new frogs. New tadpoles can be netted within a week after the first rains come and you hear the frog songs at the wetlands. The new tadpoles need protection from flocks of birds that will fly in and gobble them up, so consider netting the ditch until your population is established with mature adults. Previous writers have mentioned snakes. Water snakes especially like to eat frogs. Be on watch for all the visitors to your ditch! They have come to eat your frogs. Once the tadpoles mature into full adults, you will know your project is a success! May good fortune find its way for you to hear the blessed frog songs!
I love the daily dish email. I find myself clicking on something every day. A lot of permaculture is subject and project oriented, but now I find myself designing systems based off of the great benefits permaculture has to offer. (My notebook is full of scribbles of inventions). So I am going out on a new branch here and suggesting a new topic: Permaculture Systems and Design. I've included one of my own in the picture. (I have several I've written) Even if it is just theory, it would be great to hear from people who have designed complete permaculture systems such as Greening the Desert, Artbermiss System, etc. I do love the email- keep em coming.
Peace, Blessings, and Solidarity from West Africa;
Greetings of peace and blessings from Ghana, West Africa.
I am an American expatriate living in Ghana and married to an expatriate from the ruling class of Burkina Faso, West Africa. I have done permaculture my whole life, but it never had a name until I found it.
Growing things has always been my passion. I started my first outdoor garden at the age of nine when my mother was tired of knocking over my bean plants in the window inside the house. I then started composting- a trick I learned from my grandfather who showed me the true value in building soil. I've always been a greenie too. I was born in the Pacific Northwest, but since the invasion of the Republicans from California and the Boeing take over, the area became too expensive and full of people who just don't understand why I want to have chickens roaming around. So, West Africa is the place for me. You can find my blog here: www.newindustryschoolghana.wordpress.com where all things Ghana I experience are now posted. I am teaching school here now and enjoy the atmosphere and love of the people who appreciate knowledge and learning new things. I teach english, math, science, permaculture, upcycling, baking, a little needlecrafting and health. I have many projects planned for the future, so if you would like to help out and see the fruits of your help be multiplied ten times and more, please contact me. There are many many ways to help in this world. See my quote below. No I am not the first person from Ghana to be a permie. There is another man here in the Northern side of Ghana who has a Permaculture Institute. Besides that: Remember to love each other and spread the word about Permaculture. Our future isn't set in stone: it is set in soil. Peace and Love, Amber Samandulugu