The difference between your apples and pears don't look significant, so it may be due to the characteristics of the dwarfing rootstock. Maybe it just grows slower, but that's not necessarily a problem... unless you tend to be impatient.
Did you graft the pear scions onto apple rootstock? I've never had any luck with pears on apple rootstock. They do better on quince. They grow for a while, but don't really thrive... eventually dying out completely.
If you want a barrier that nothing other than birds and rodents will cross, try Dovyalis caffra (Kei apple). Osage orange thorns are nothing compared to these thorns. They are used in Africa to keep lions out. The plants are male or female, so if you want fruit, make sure you have both. You can grow them from seed. They are slow to start, but once established are extremely tolerant of any condition and can grow large or be pruned to any size you want. Don't buy into the sales pitch claiming the fruit tastes like apricots. Kei apples are definitely significantly stronger in taste.
Dale, thank you for your kind words. It is common to hear people say they want an open and honest relationship, yet most people are selective in their openness and honesty, withholding what they believe might limit the outcome they seek. People would be happier with their relationship if both clearly shared, from the start, what each expects of the other, the relationship and what can be expected from each person.
If everyone clearly shared their priorities, we could know, before heading down a path, if that path offers the possibility of taking us where we want to go. Unfortunately, people advertise themselves in vague generalities (I’m great… Pick me) or list what they feel entitled to be provided by the other. Going into relationships with the belief, “If it is meant to be, it will be,” is the reason most marriages end long before the death of a partner (even if they choose to stay together out of convenience). People tend to find it easier to blame others rather than do all in their power to learn how to create and nurture healthy relationships.
It is not about molding ourselves into what we feel the other wants, as the “real us” will always surface eventually. I wish our society promoted individuality and uniqueness rather than conformity, as promoting conformity only creates a society of people who feel flawed and defective. For every type of person, there are people who appreciate that type of person. Let us connect with those who truly value us as we are, not for the potential we could become. People on this site acknowledge they are different from the materialistic norm, choosing to respect and nurture our environment, while discovering how our environment reciprocates in kind. I admire their willingness to proudly take a stand, rather than conforming to society’s indoctrination.
I would love to see people prioritize making sure others always feels safe, rather than feeling entitled to demand and criticize. Until we feel safe, it is hard for us to be clearly open and honest. I hope all of us connect with special partners, allowing us to share the beauty of our environment and love.
It was much easier to connect with new partners when we were young, as we had limited experiences and hadn't learned about compatibility between ourselves and others. The more experiences we had, the more we had the opportunity to learn about that compatibility. Rather than growing together, as we did when we were young, as we get older we become set in our ways, so we find areas where we aren't very flexible, limiting the pool of potential compatible partners.
Most people are very vague when it comes to advertising for a potential partner, not wanting to limit any possibilities. Unfortunately, this leads to frustration and disappointment on both sides (unless they are just looking for a free meal and not a relationship), as we really aren't as flexible as we'd like to see ourselves. I acknowledge while I am extremely flexible in most relationship areas there are certain qualities that are mandatory for me. I feel everyone deserves to know exactly what they are buying before committing to any purchase. The same holds true for relationships, in my opinion. Bait and switch never leads to happiness. Though people assume opposites attract, I've found similarities tend to provide more stability over the long-run. I don't look for someone to complement my deficiencies to make me whole. If I feel a deficiency in myself, I do all in my power to learn how to eliminate that deficiency in myself. If I don't want to do something, or it isn't a priority for me, I don't view that as a deficiency. So no one has to waste any time, I've come up with a list of my mandatory mutual attributes. As long as those are met, I am open to any other possibility that might present itself. What society promotes as the ideal partner is not something I find myself drawn to, so I'm more likely to appreciate a unique non-conformist (a plain Jane over a Barbie Doll). Here is my list:
Clear, open, honest communication
Responsibility (financial & commitments -- never minimizing accountability by blaming others)
Living within one's means (making the most of what is available rather than feeling entitled to more)
Prioritize functionality over materialism
Respectful (of all, not just those who conform to our beliefs)
Consideration (no yelling, demands or criticism)
Caring (about the impact of our choices on others)
Affection (enjoy giving and receiving -- never losing sight of where the other is)
Gentleness, tenderness and sensuality
Playfulness (creativity is an added bonus)
Tranquility (subtleties over extremes -- patient & quiet -- nothing to overwhelm any of our senses)
Making the most of natural over artificially enhanced
Partnership (enjoy planning and doing together -- sharing)
Health & fitness (maintain health and slender, fit body -- no contagious diseases)
Nature & ecology (enjoy, respect and care for balance on this earth)
More introverted than extroverted (easy-going, down-to-earth)
Self-esteem (believe the quality existing in ourselves and in what we bring to the relationship)
Self-confidence (not threatened by differences in others)
Inner strength (not power used against others)
Realistically optimistic and positive (focusing on opportunities rather than obstacles)
Appreciation (of what exists, not potential of what can be molded into becoming)
Safety (prioritize making sure we both feel safe, always -- no off-limits topic)
Uniqueness (thinker and individual, not blind conformist -- beliefs based on experience not indoctrination)
Balanced independence/dependence (see partner as icing on the cake, not provider of everything)
Realistic expectations (expect no more of a partner than we are already offering)
No interest in tobacco, alcohol & drugs
Enjoy the journey without focusing on the ending
If this is you, or you know someone this describes, please reach out to me. If not, hold true to what you've discovered works for you, and I wish you happiness and fulfillment.
You'll notice they didn't use a septic tank, though. It is the septic tank that was my concern. That is a tank filled with water, not moist solids. Worms would never live in a septic tank, and removing the worm castings would be a major hassle (if any could be made).
If that's the case, then it will eventually prevent the leach field from leaching, so you'll have to dig up and replace the leach field. Everything has to go somewhere, so just determine what you want to maintain. Solids don't just disappear.
Tracy, if you've done any worm farming you'd know that worms reduce but not eliminate the biomass. Once it is reduced to worm castings, the worms will no longer reduce what exists. Eventually, as the castings accumulate, the castings must be removed so you have room to place material the worms will eat. Solids need to be pumped from normal septic tanks, also, but the water in the tank makes that possible. I guess you could just install a new septic tank, but that is expensive and labor intensive. Not only that, worm castings make a great fertilizer, so you don't want to waste that.
As far as the need to screen to keep worms from leaving, worms will stay where their food is. They will leave when there isn't enough food to feed the worm population. Any screen you install will cause you problems. I sink 5 gallon plant containers into my garden, filling them with green waste. They attract worms. I don't need to screen them to keep the worms in or out.
If you look at the construction of a septic tank, you'll see that fluid builds up till it flows over at the top. There is no way of draining it at the bottom. If you redesigned the tank to have water exit from the bottom, it might work, but I think you'd end up with a solid mass of sludge that would suffocate the worms. Also, how do you plan to remove the build-up of worm-composted waste at the bottom of this tank? It won't disappear on its own. Composting toilets don't add the quantity of fluid that regular toilets do.
My zone is 9a, which is similar to yours. We will have freezes to consider. I also have high winds, so take that into consideration, also. A southern facing balcony will have more sunlight than a northern facing one, whereas east and west could get extreme sunlight during the morning or evening. Input permaculture in zone 10a into your browser, and you'll find a lot of reading material. In the new forest plant list from Permies, I'd question the citrus, avocado and passion fruit, but the others look feasible.
I don't want to view your link, as that site has a poor reputation from Web of Trust, but my concern is you need to make sure your biomass drains very quickly, as worms need to breathe and can't if the material is saturated with water.
Thank you for the lead. I contacted Premier 1. For small rodents, they recommend a 2' high hardware cloth (maximum 1/2") fence (grounded) with a hot 1/8" IntelliTwine cable 1" above it. They suggest their HotShock 5 (Plug-In) Energizer Kit (Item #1120052) to energize it, along with their 3/8" fiberglass rods and insulators.
Without the grounded hardware cloth fence, the rodents jump up and are no longer grounded, so don't get shocked.
It sounds like you have a metal ring with no bottom. That would be pretty useless as a water tank. You could get an insert to place within the ring, but you may want to put your tank closer to your well. 500' uphill doesn't give the elevation gain, just the distance from the well. Make sure your pump is rated to pump the water to whatever elevation you want it to be (height difference from the pump at the bottom of the well to the top of the tank). If you do get a galvanized tank, make sure it is epoxy coated on the inside, or it will rust through in 15-20 years.
Women have made negative comments about my use of the word slender, so I thought I’d clarify my thoughts. First off, understand I would never seek from a partner what I’m not willing to do myself. We all have preferences, and we allow different flexibility for each of those preferences. I know I don’t fit the most common preference of women (having unlimited financial resources they can use as they wish). Yes, those preferences can limit us, yet they acknowledge our priorities, what is truly important to us.
I admit I find certain physical characteristics to be more pleasing to my eyes or arousing to my senses, yet I’d never limit a potential partner based on what is not in her control or expect her to change for me. I’m not interested in someone who surgically alters herself, but someone who makes the most of what she has to offer. Women say it is normal to get heavy as they age. It is only normal because it is so common, not because it is necessary. I realize I’d be obese if I continued to eat as I did when I was a teen. Our metabolism changes as we age, and our bodies no longer need the quantity they once did. I’m not looking for skinny, but no larger than myself. I don’t want a fitness fanatic, just someone who pays attention to what will keep her healthy and able to enjoy life for as long as possible.
I realize I’m no spring chicken, so if I only have 30 years to enjoy a relationship, I want both of us to be fully capable of actively enjoying all that’s possible to enjoy. I see too many people limited, struggling and suffering as a result of carrying their extra weight. I want to make the most of our life together without unnecessary limitations. I’m not interested in a glamour queen, but I’d love to have a partner at my side that cares enough to take care of herself, knowing I’ll do the same. I want an equal partner in all areas. We will both truly enjoy a simple lifestyle, make the most of what is readily available and savor the enjoyment of both giving and receiving anything that keeps our relationship new and alive. Life is not about proving how much we can do, but how much enjoyment we gain from what we choose to do.
I’m willing to offer further explanation to anyone who would like a deeper understanding of my thoughts and feelings. Haven’t you ever longed for a partner who cares as much about your thoughts and feelings as you care about his? I long to understand you, while feeling your interest in understanding me.
I have up to 18 different varieties on my trees. This is primarily to see what grows best in my area and what varieties I like the most. It is important to keep the tree balanced. For instance, my Nikita's Pride almond would take over my tree if I allowed it.
That new inverter sounds nice, but they are too expensive to replace a working one, just for an outlet. I have a SMA Sunny Boy 6000-US that I replaced a couple of years ago. They are a real hassle to raise up to mount on a wall (very heavy).
Use whatever you have readily available that might slow down the evaporation from the cut ends. Experiment to see what works best for you. You can cut your logs long, seal the ends and then recut them to size when the logs are dry.
Adding solar in the future won't change your interior wiring requirements. The PV panels are wired to an inverter which then goes to your main power panel. If you want to do anything now, you may want to add a box next to your main panel so you can easily access your main panel without having to cut through the wall. Run your interior wiring through conduits, so you have easy access to make any changes in the future, along with protecting the wires from rodent damage.
It sounds like you'll be supplementing your electric company with the solar. Your electric meter will run backward during the day and forward at night. If you produce more than you use, most companies are required to buy your excess energy, though they pay at a significantly reduced rate from what they'll sell it for. Though this eliminates the need for expensive batteries, codes generally prevent you from using the energy from your PV panels when the electric company has a power outage.
Though you may save a little money by eliminating the drain pipes, the excavation would probably still need to be similar if you want the leach field to surround the tank. My concern would be the extra cost to repair it if it stops leaching. Having an easily accessible leach field would make more sense to me, and the cost wouldn't be significantly more.
I don't know about acacia wood, but I've had experience with eucalyptus. It is very hard to split when wet, but much easier when dry. Checking results from uneven drying. You may reduce that by sealing the ends (so they don't dry faster than the middle).
If you want to make your own white glue, here is a recipe:
White glue is easy to make by combining the right amounts of milk, distilled vinegar and baking soda. Milk contains a protein called casein. It makes good glue, but not in its liquid form in milk. Adding vinegar causes a chemical reaction that turns the casein into a solid.
How to do it? Heat 2 ounces of 2 percent milk and 1 tablespoon of vinegar, but don't let it boil. The mixture will curdle to the consistency of cottage cheese. Pour it through a coffee filter to collect the curds. Add a pinch of baking soda to the curds until you get the right gluey consistency. Remember that when you use it, the glue takes a few hours to dry.
Parafilm is expensive here, also. That's why I get it from the blood bank when I donate blood.
Some almonds won't graft directly to plum, and you'd need an inter-stem between the plum tree and the almond scion.
Make sure all cuts are sealed well. You can use white glue, but I like to wrap my entire scion with Parafilm, keeping the scion from drying out. Labs generally use Parafilm, and I've found they'll give it to me for free, if I ask, when I donate blood.
You can also cover your grafts with a paper bag or newspaper to keep the sun from baking them. Check and uncover them once the leaves start to grow.
Different trees are grafted at different times of the year, but the best time for plums and almonds would be when the sap is running and the buds are opening up on the tree you plan to graft to (early spring).
Either method would require a significant financial investment, so most people just choose the one that makes most sense for their particular property. Turbines aren't as quiet as PV panels and require more maintenance. I gather you don't have electricity close by you can use, and that will require expensive batteries that will need replacing. My PV panels produce electricity during the day, and the electric company provides it at night. I produce enough during the day so the electric company pays me for the extra energy I produce.
What I don't like about my system is code won't allow me to get power from my panels when power is down from the electric company, and the electric company insists I pay their nuisance minimum fee every month (about $1.85), even though they are allowed to wait a year to pay me for power I've produced and they've sold to others (at a significantly higher rate than what they pay me).
This depends on what type of trees you plan on planting. Some trees don't transplant well, especially the ones that have deep tap roots. Sometimes those tap roots can grow very quickly, so most pots are out. You can get deep pots and then just cut down the sides of the pots before planting.
Potted trees won't always be a problem, unless you let them stay in the pot till they become root bound. A 1-gallon tree will generally grow faster and taller than a 15-gallon tree, even though it starts out smaller.
Some trees won't grow true to seed, so you may not like what you end up with, though you could always graft the variety you prefer onto that seedling. Many trees in the nurseries are grafted. That way you can have a rootstock that addresses your soil conditions.
Here's a hint for growing from seed or cuttings: Create a miniature greenhouse for the plant. Get a 1/2 gallon or gallon clear plastic juice bottle (like apple juice). Cut off the bottom and place the bottle over the plant, embedded in the soil. This keeps the moisture up and allows you to add supplemental water or nutrients by removing the screw-on cap. It also reduces the likelihood of critters eating your your plants.
The expense will be for the septic tank. The leach field itself is just a trench or series of trenches with gravel and perforated drain pipe. Test the soil first to make sure it drains properly and make sure it isn't close to any wells. Beware of any slope guidelines, if you are close to a slope. The leach field only gets rid of the liquid; the solids are stored in the septic tank until they are pumped out.
Make sure you follow the guidelines published by your county and get permits for it. As long as everything is sized properly, and the soil percolates properly, you'll be fine. Cost will be determined by how much of the work you're willing to do yourself.
Simple solutions and lives work well for us. We’re down-to-earth, appreciate subtleties and a quality connection (patient, kind, caring, considerate, affectionate, responsible, creative, playful, communicative & loving). A relationship is based on what we bring to the relationship, not what we are entitled to get from it.
I’m seeking a sweet woman who takes care of herself, but cares about more than just herself (shown by her volunteer work and the way she treats others – I’m a volunteer crew leader at Habitat For Humanity). When I’m with her, stress will disappear. Her smile will melt my heart. The greatest happiness I’ll ever experience is sharing in her happiness. She finds positive and pleasure in simple things. She sees beauty where others don’t. Her voice is soft and inviting, her touch tender and soothing. Kissing my love will be heaven. She’s financially responsible (having no interest in living beyond her means) and is employed. She’s creative, enjoys escaping to her garden or nature and sees opportunities rather than obstacles. She prioritizes and is responsible for her health and fitness. She takes nothing to extremes, but is conscientious about all she does. I've always been drawn more to Plain Janes than Barbie Dolls. She'll be more attractive to me working in the garden than having perfect makeup, nails and hair. No drugs, tobacco and minimal, if any, alcohol.
Our relationship will be based on trust and open/honest communication, with a good blend of playfulness and responsibility. We’ll prioritize making sure both of us feel safe, secure and special. We’re confident in ourselves and don’t feel threatened by differences in others, respecting the rights of others, without judging them or expecting them to conform to our belief or lifestyle. "The human mind is very much like a parachute; it works best when it is fully open." We’re down-to-earth, tranquil, easy-going and lean toward introversion. We aren’t materialistic, nor focus on the superficial phoniness our society seems to value. We make the most of and appreciate what we have. What we focus on is what we get (if we’re critical of the negative, we get more negative; if we’re appreciative of the positive, we get more positive). We focus on what we can do to move our relationship in a positive direction, not what the other should do (two givers). We responsibly focus on our role in creating and nurturing our present and future.
My self-designed/built home/farm is on acreage in the country. Along with great beauty, there are challenges that come with country living (dirt roads, weather, critters, extra maintenance, etc.). I’m looking for someone who’d enjoy facing these challenges with a partner who values equality in all areas. We seek no more than we bring to the relationship and will be active participants in keeping our relationship new and alive. I was raised Jewish, but am no longer into organized religion. I have no problem respecting your beliefs as long as that respect is reciprocated. I’m allergic to cats but love dogs. Though in Acton, I’m into agriculture, not horses. I've long been a member of California Rare Fruit Growers Association and help them teach grafting to high school students. I’m a well-educated self-employed professional with a lower middle class income, planning to be debt-free within 4 years. I prioritize helping people rather than seeking riches, so if money and fancy lifestyle are more important than a quality partnership, pass me by. I’m not asking you to support me. I live within my means, yet many enjoyable experiences cost little or no money. I am 64, 6’, 155#, with brown hair (very lightly sprinkled with gray) and hazel eyes. I’m creative, caring, helpful, attentive and very good with my hands, whether building, repairing or showing affection. I love all aspects of nature.
I’m not into long-distance relationships, so, unless you feel we are an ideal match, you live in the San Fernando, Santa Clarita or Antelope Valleys, or close by. Chronological age is irrelevant, though compatibility can’t be compromised.
I promise a response, in kind, if you see value in what I’ve mentioned, can see us enjoying life together and take the time to clearly share what I’ve written that impacts you and how it impacts you.