im in the process of building a small brewery, part of the regulations include a bathroom (flush toilet needed). no sewer onsite, the plant needs to be on septic.
the brewing (or cleaning) process uses some pretty harsh chemicals (and low concnetration). we generate 50 liters of 2 ppm caustic soda, 50 liters of 2 ppm nitric acid, and 50 liters of a iodine based sanitizer~3 days/week. by design, it kills microorganism, which will mean keeping a healthy septic system going difficult.
my current working plan is this. basically having two systems, one for the toilet, the second for the sinks/area drains of teh brewery. The two stsyems would have a shared leach field/reed bed (more on this below). i would like to design the primary box for teh chemical system to have a candy cane outlet. letting a good amount of water (100-200 liters) be stored, and when it reaches the fill point, the entire box will be syphoned out and discharge to the leech field. allowing to two cleaning chemicals to be mixed and to cool down. the toilet would have a sediment trap at the road (for cleanout of solids) and discharge to the same leach field.
leach field; we have about 30-50 cm of top soil and the sub soil is heavy clay (and sesonally high water table). if this was going to be permitted in the US, it would never pass the perc test. That is why i am thinking about a wetland/reed bed tretament, and over flow discharge. i think the reedbed would be 1 m wide x 1 m deep x 2-3 m long, filled with gravel. i would want to install a few baffles to slow down flow and limit short circuiting. overflow would go to a existing drainage ditch which connects to a abandoned oxbow meander.
I have a friend that started a nut milk business. She makes almond, cashew, and coconut milk. She currently tosses the solids, I would like to collect it, and feed it to the pigs. To me, seems like a good source of protein and fiber. The current plan is to have her store it in lidded 5 gal buckets.
Some issues I have:
1) I'm only going to be able to collect the pulp 1x /week, so it might get a bit funky, is this a problem?
2) how much is too much for the pigs
i have a a gilt that was due feb 25 (3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days). her tits have started to swell, but i do not see any signs of her preparing a nest. i have her on pasture with several other gilts. when should i start worrying? what can i do besides watch?
i am looking for a good recipe for a tobacco spray. i have the tobacco plant growing now, do i have to dry the leaves before making the spray, or will green leaves work? also, does it matter when i harvest the plants (while flowering or before?). all the recipes i have found involved using cigerettes (or butts), which i would like to avoid. thanks.
also, when i have your attention, any one use wormwood as an organic bug spary? thank you.
i'm pretty sure they have not been bred. maybe he was just overly excited about the first couple of ladies, but he was not discrete with it. i'm going to seperate from the heard the ones about to farrow, at the same time, will separate him for a couple of days. hopefully the change in dynamics will get nature back on course.
i have four ladies that have been introduced to a young boar about 2 months ago. all four are 14 months old(from 2 liters). so far, only 2 have been breed by the boar. any ideas why the others are playing hard to get? how long before i should give up and send them to the freezer?
We collect waste from four resturants. Yes, the blue things are egg cartoons. we try to reuse them, but the soiled ones end up in the compost. we are always in search for more "browns".
We cover the piles with plastic sheets after week 6 (week 6-10). It was originally to keep the chickens from speading the mostly finsihed/finished product all over the place. But also to keep the fresh chicken manure out of teh finished pile. The chickens get no feed, only what they find in the compost.
the compost area is on the ridge of a hill (10-15 Meters above the surronding pasture), the composting starts at the top of teh hill and gets turned down (~every 2 weeks). it is 75 meters from a drainage ditch (that drains to one of our ponds) and at least 250-300 meters from the river. the soil is heavy clay. during heavy rain times, the pasture at the base of the hill ponds.
we have the area covered, so we dont have much runoff coming off the piles.
the picture attached is old (does not show the roof that has since been built). but it sorta gives you an idea of the lay of the land.
we compost tons of stuff others would keep out (meat (raw and cooked), citrus peels, animal bedding, news print), but it is all organic matter. we compost in one area, they were concerned with the long term impact of the area.
we make alot of compost. it was suggested that we should install a concrete pad to compost on top of. The person suggesting it is affraid of subsurface soil/water contamination. i have always belived that the contact between the native soil microbes and the active pile is helpful. opinions? thanks
where on this forum would i post/read about shipping container construction?
i want to use them to construct a brewery, my issue, insulation (thermal stability is needed for the beer fermentation). my current plan is to use earthern filled tires to build a retaining wall around 1/2 of the container, which will be on grade. then import material against the tires to create an hill. i know that containers are not designed for side loading, and will be crushed if loaded in that manner. i have seen people using rock gabians in a simular fashion to help support the conatiners, but tires are free.
Thank you both for the replies. They are from a traditional operation, so hopefully it goes smoothly. I have high hopes, because they adjusted to pasture/grain free diet really well. I will build a few new shacks (for the big pigs, the shacks have devolved into just roofed shade structures), and let them pick what they like. i will build them pretty tight for farrowing. i currently have them in sub paddocks that are ~12 m x 8 m, when the time is closer, i will give them the entire pasture ~25 m x 25 m, that should give everybody enough space, and with the free choice of shelters, hopefully all goes smoothly.
large straw bales are expensive here. we dont have an easy way to move them, and they wrap them wet, so they get really moldy. so not a great option for us.
how do people farrow in the field? I was thinking of installing a small box (40 cm x 40 cm and stuffed with straw) in the current sheds, to act as a hot box/protection zone for the piglets. or, will the gilts be able to heat/protect them. they pasture is far from electricty, so i cant install a lightbuld. also, do i need to physically pit the piglets in the "hotbox", or will they find it on there own. i plan on not seperating from the herd/boar. is this asking for problems? any advice?
we are in a pretty mild climate, daytime temps around 20 C, nighttime 9 C
we get compostable material from four restaurants. the material arrives 3 days/week. the problem i am having, generating enough brown materials for a balanced mixture. we use dried grass clippings, dried leaves, animal bedding (horse and chicken), saw dust, cardboard and newsprint. i am saving up for a wood chipper, but it is still many months away from a reality.
the only farm that i found that would allow use of a boar, wants me to bring the ladies to him. it is not a place that i would like to leave the ladies (combine confinement operation with the third world). so yeah, looks like i will be giving AI a shot.
thank you for the video. it is great to see other operations in action.
i am wondering what do you use for feed in winter months? also, what is you size of the paddock you are using, how many animals/time is you rotation. have you tried to introduce the "weeds" into your pasture, save time from collecting/feeding and let the pigs do all the work?
is it a bad idea to use a boar from a warm weather farm? i can not locate one in my climate. pigs seem pretty adaptable, so i dont know if it will be an issue. the batch i have now came from a confinement operation, and they adjusted to pasture (and a grain free diet) really well. but i dont know if the ability to handle temperature differnce are more ingrained in the the genetics.
our average daytime temperature is 20 c, the farm in question is more like 35 c. we get night time frost from time to time. if i decide to use this farm, would i be better off using AI, or buying a young intact male.
on a side note, on my search for loacal pig operattions, i heard of a farm that finishes all their pork with avocado.
i might have taken this paddock too far. they were on it 3.5 weeks. it was looking great (in terms of disturbance) at three weeks, and then we got 2" of rain in three days, and it turned into mud soup. we will see how it recovers. but in other areas that the mud became super saturated, regrowth has been slow.
we tether ours when we want specific areas mowed (along the roadsides, drainage ditches, ect). so far, no issues with them getting tangled up in the line, and overall much easier than getting the weed whacker out.
when tethered, we usually check on them a couple times a day, and always put them in a corral at night.
this is the first time pigs are in this pasture. so i am leaving them in a bit longer help disrupt more of the grass. then seeding behind them. clover, vetch, beans, kale, brocoli, winter squash, radishes, potatoes, and whatever else has bolted/seeded from the garden. the water table (perched) is 2-4" below the surface in this lower pasture, so it does not take them long to make the mudhole
Rose, i think i figured out the feed. they have been getting a wheel barrow of garden waste in the AM and another in the PM. the only grain they get is when i make beer (20-25kilos every other week). i have been feeding them whey and yeast sludge from the fermentor. at the surprise of the workers, they eat grass. they seem to be growing well on this diet, although if you ask them (the pigs) they are always starving. the inputs for this project are very low, because they are eating only byproducts.