Hello there! I am from Kentucky, live there in the summers, and plan on moving back one day and doing a permaculture project/ starting a montessori school on some land there. Let me know if you ever need help with your project; ever since I graduated college 3 years ago I've worked summers on different organic farms, but would love to work on a permaculture one.
I've been all over the map with food intake over the years. Just about every combination of food types and supplements. Some part of me always felt as little shitty. Last year I started looking into the paleo diet on a basic level. I cut out all the grains, anything with gluten, white potato, most of the sugar and dairy. In place of those things I eat more nuts and seeds, meat of all sorts ( not just the lean) and lot's of fresh veggies. I use bacon fat for pan frying instead of butter, which also helps keep the cast iron pan nice and slick. Of course there's more to it than that but I'm sure it's all been coverd in the above discussion.
Results: Within a couple weeks I noticed that my gut didn't feel heavy and bloated all the time. I had to make a new hole in my belt because my belly shrank despite the fact that I lost no weight. I have noticed that I have a more defined body now. A lot of that flabbyness went away. At 135 lbs, I don't need to lose weight. I just like it when that 135 has recognizable muscle tone rather than just an skinny flabby mass. Friends and family also noticed the difference in my form.
I don't feel like sitting on the couch after a big meal. I'm ready to go back to work outside. My energy is more consistent through the day and I never have the two o'clock crash any more. I feel better mentally as well. No more irritable moments when blood sugar is low. I sleep more soundly and consistently. I haven't felt this good since I was in my teens.
So yeah... I'm 90% paleo 90% of the time and I've never felt better. My advice to anyone considering the paleo path is this: Start by replacing the carbs on your plate with a little more meat and a lot more veg. Eat as much as you want. Don't feel guilty. It takes a little while to get used to the idea that eating can be awesome without that other junk. If you keep up with it for a month you'll likely notice that you've lost the love for carbs. I just don't look at pastry the same anymore. It's like little evil sponges of sick covered with concentrated gelatinous sick. Doesn't even seem like food anymore.
I'll admit that from time to time (once every couple months) I crave and then consume something completely non-paleo. I always feel worse for having done so. but hey... sometimes you gotta suffer through a piece of birthday cake.
I live rural. My cats have always been outdoor cats.... until now.
I lost my best pal to a heart disorder a few years back. He was the world's best mouser. When he died, I tried to remove every reminder of his ever having been here. I was devastated. The missing items just made it worse. So, I went to he animal shelter and got a sickly kitten who looked a lot like my gone guy. My pet limit has long been, one cat that doesn't get pregnant (or impregnate). I'm sticking to that, as I got up to as many as eight cats once.
Anyway, this new kid had never seen a life outside a cage since he was four weeks old. He was 20 weeks when I got him. He had entered the shelter with his mom and healthy brother, who soon were adopted. He was still messed up when I got him, though he's doing well now with no flare-ups of his feline viral rhinotracheitis. He has no idea what stress might be. He is well adjusted to indoor life.
My cat has zero street cred. He'll never be a mouser or a fighter. So, he's my first indoor cat. I have learned that the payoff for not having an outdoor cat is, smaller wildlife is all but tame and the squirrels and chipmunks that have been attracted to my bird feeders will just hang out with me and I can talk to them. I kind of like that.
I'll tell you all this: Marauding dogs and tomcats are problem animals and will likely encounter a .22 short if they come around here. I got in that habit protecting my cats on my property, and I continue it, even with an indoor cat. Tomcat spray on my doors, or the wildlife made nervous by dogs, meets with a zero tolerance program.
Well I picked a bunch of rose hips and made chutney with them and most of the crab apples. I did it in the slow cooker over night and used some of my home made cider vinegar. That will be interesting.
I also made some rose hip and crab apple jam. I found the jam wouldn't set and figured that I put too much water in it so I set it on a low heat to reduce. I ended up with 2 medium jars of jelly and it's super dark and very intense. I think I reduced it a little too much. It's supposed to be pink, and mine is like black currant jelly haha.
I also couldn't bare to throw away all that jammy pulp after all the effort I put into coring and reducing, so I put that in jars too.
There must be a better way to core crab apples than with a knife? Anyone tried a piece of metal tube?
James Colbert wrote:
Holzer grows blueberries in hugelkultures planted at a 45 degree angle. My understanding is he uses no liming agents or amendments besides the wood. Perhaps he is starting with acidic soil but my thinking is that the wood or better yet the biomass creates the ideal conditions despite pH needs.
Maybe I'm confused, but you do realize that 'liming agents' sweeten the soil, or make it less acidic,
which is the opposite of what blueberries require?
Areas with high rainfall, like Austria, tend toward acid soils, except where limestone soils moderate
that effect. Regardless, there is no doubt that hugelkulture provides suitable growing conditions
for a wide range of plants.
My vote is for the guinea pig also. Yep got exposed in Peru also. Easy kept very tasty. Build a mud oven and get to roasting. Enjoy.
I also have highland cattle. They are excellent small acreage animals. They can live on a rock. You can milk them great butter fat content and very docile animals. But for FRESH and super easy to raise go G Pig. You won't regret it.
The shredded office paper is acting like a McDonald's cheeseburger.... Been sitting out in the sun, rain , & compost for weeks & looks exactly the same as the day I put it out there. I'll never do that again!
Cardboard boxes are my new best friends! If I can figure out how to shred them, that would be wonderful since we have a seemingly unlimited supply at the Eco center. I can't quite figure out how to get wood chips- the kind I need, so I think that shredded cardboard can do the trick as a more aesthetically pleasing mulch (as opposed to the alfalfa I've been using).... I like the alfalfa, I like the way it smells, spreads, looks, and N content. But, I have to buy alfalfa & the cardboard is free. Also, I think our landlord would prefer we use something more home-y and less farm-y in the front yard. Shredded cardboard sort of melts & blends into the landscape
in a way alfalfa doesn't.
Sowing the creeping tyme and chamomile directly tonight....... Also, adding lemon tyme, oregano, & anything else that grows low & smells good........
Just threw some blended mushroom smoothie into the compost... On advice.... Haven't had a chance to read in that direction yet. Thank you for the link, Brian. It is next on my 'To Read' list.
Looking for Corsican Mint- can't find it anywhere!
Thank you to everyone who helped!
I just started reading through my permie books again.... I don't regret diving in first, as the texts make more sense in the light of experience!
Echinacea is a REALLY important herb to take if you have been injected with venom. It helps to stabilize the cell membranes and strengthen the immune system. You should also take Burdock to help with flushing the debris that results from this activity.
Calendula would be another external herb to apply with the plantain.
I can't remember the whole regimen that my herbal mentor uses for spider bites. All I know is he stopped a hobo bite in its tracks for his daughter in about three days with no visible signs at all.
It's hard to believe that 1415 people have looked here and this hasn't come up. -----------
There's a type of flyer that the whole world can see, but you don't have to distribute it.
Signs work much better than any flyer campaign. If you have a work truck and trailer, both need a sign on the sides and rear. A vehicle that is moved about regularly, will eventually be seen by every person in town. When you get a contract, your signs are visible to the neighbors. This helps with word of mouth advertising as well. The neighbors are aware that work is being done and they are likely to question anyone who has used your services. Some people will approach you while you are near the vehicle. When you finish a project, put up a sign for whatever period is agreeable to your customer. People like to let the world know when they've improved the landscape. Happy customers usually have no objections to this.
Signs add credibility --- A person who turns their vehicle into a traveling billboard has demonstrated a degree of commitment. They've spent some money and they've picked a particular business, unlike the thousands of guys on Craigslist who say, "no job too small, I'll do anything for a buck, please help, I'm starving". An official looking jacket, turns your body into a sign. The only flyer you will need are the business cards that are stored in the pocket. Get good ones that tell a very short story.
A good sign makes you look just as legit as well financed businesses with a brick and mortar location. Many will assume that you have a store or are part of a garden center. You already own the vehicle. This credibility is a bargain.
I spent $1000 to label this bus on four sides. Without the signs, it might look like I'm a geezer on vacation or that someone lives on the bus. All pertinent information is there. Another sign is in the works for YouTube videos and the website. Those are the modern flyer. Don't throw away money and trees on 20th century advertising. Don't add to society's scrap heap. Move ahead and help to relegate the flyer to the scrap heap of history.
I spent another couple hundred to put signs on my old van. Wherever I go, I'm wearing my business suit/billboard.
Well that's weird --- The last photo has a weird line along the top of the bus. When I click on the photo, it cleans up.
I see kudzu the same way I see bamboo and arundo donax, both of which are as invasive as kudzu. I have a hard time keeping both of these alive on my property here in Eastern Oklahoma. And kudzu is easier to kill than either of those two plants. Just cut the crown off the top of the root, bang, it's dead. Would I plant it in Houston? Not on your life!
I don't think we could or should try to stop the advance of earthworms into new environs. Every time a dozer or excavator is moved to a new logging road, worms could move. People are going to continue to dig up plants and move them about. It's virtually unstoppable.
The boreal forests of Canada and Russia contain a carbon store in peat soils and muskeg that is approximately double that of the stored carbon in all of the world's rainforests combined. If global warming were to advance to the point where these areas become suitable for farming and earthworms, those worms would accelerate the gassing off of those soils. This has already been observed and is one of the factors responsible for rapid soil losses when drained wetlands are used as market gardens.
I can't find the thread, but I once calculated the soil loss due to gassing off that has occurred in the state of Iowa since it was first plowed and compared the carbon released to all of the carbon released in 100 years of burning petroleum. I'm going to go out on a limb here and say --- it was a lot.
Here in British Columbia, we have had a major die off of pine trees due to a pest. For the next 20 years or so, our exposed soils will contribute more carbon to the atmosphere than the state of California currently does.
But I digress. We're supposed to be figuring out how to get more earthworms.
Diane Sylling wrote:
I would like to inoculate it with something to bring some life back. Would the mushrooms we see growing around help?
Did someone say inoculate? Fungi? Why yes, of course inoculation with fungi will help! Even plain old store bought mushrooms, Agaricus campestris, will work on improving the cow poo. That's because they are also known as "meadow mushrooms", the kind that live in the soil that cows plop on. They aren't the best at detoxifying herbicides and pesticides, that would be your white rot fungi, but they can make some progress.
If you want to do a little better than store bought mushrooms, and add some diversity to the fungal species present, you need to go on a trek in the woods. Find old rotted logs and turn them over and scrape up any white stuff under them. That is white rot fungi and if you whiz that up in the blender and sprinkle it liberally over the MooPoo, you'll get some needed fungal decomposition going. It wouldn't hurt to add a little fresh pine bark or oak leaves. That's more lignin to feed the white rot fungus.
We just picked up "aged horse manure" from a farm today -- it did not occur to me to ask the owner if wormer had been used. I hope that since it has been aged for a year it is ok. We're using it for worm composting.
Here in the northwest people that raise pet rabbits and get sick of them release them into the wild where they... breed like rabbits. They seem very healthy.
We made our first attempt at growing out our meat bunnies in a rabbit tractor. I didn't want to put wire on the bottom. This worked good on the flat areas of the lawn but not so much when we got into the deep grass. We had about eight rabbits in there. They got out. The good news is that they mostly have stuck around our place where they have grown up to be nice and healthy. I just caught a female recently and am going to bred her to up my production. I think that being able to eat things other then just grass is helpful, like leaves and such. With eight young rabbits in the cage they chewed the grass down to mowed in a day, we had to move it twice a day on the tall grass, and couldn't move it fast enough on the short grass.
I would suggest two young domestic rabbits. At one of the localfeed stores you can buy a rabbit for seven bucks. I don't think that having a a meat breed would be a bad thing. You don't have to butcher them, they live plenty healthy past butchering time. But I do think they would be easier to work with and would mow your lawn quite well. And By moving the tractor regularly they seem to not have a huge desire to dig, and if they did want to dig they wouldn't get very far.
Landon, where you are, I don't think you can overheat it. Put it in front of a south facing black wall and mulch it deep. Figs like it hot. Las Vegas hot. When I lived in Las Vegas, my neighbor had a fig tree that gave buckets and buckets of figs when the temperatures were over 100. We've had a "cool" summer here in Georgia and my fig trees are telling me that with their poor output this year. We've had like half the usual number of 90+ days, with twice as much rain to make up for it.
It's probably too late for you to get even fruit buds forming with what's left of the season, so let it go dormant and be prepared to pull out all the stops to warm it up next spring. Maybe even figure out how to put it in a greenhouse so it can have some tropical type heat.
Thanks for all of the replies. I will see if they have ripened to a different color when I get up there at the end of September. If they are chokecherries I will take the fruit and plant them in other areas to get a few more growing!
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feral far as I can tell.
most states and city's you can carry an fire arm on your own property excluding (D.C.) which Is a whole other country.
My opinion it is, it's not contained or other wise controlled it's FERAL
You would have to check your state laws on feral and dealing with it or keep it silent
Leila Rich wrote:
For me, thinking and doing are totally entwined; but I very much understand the danger of thinking so hard that nothing happens!
At the other end of the scale is all that mindless doing and no thinking...
With stop thinking I meant that if you really stop thinking you'll start connecting to your spirit and find inner peace and in that way the insanity can stop and going back to nature is no longer a problem. And by facing your fears your mind come to a still also, at least in my experice, and when it is fears that really stands in the way of you expressing yourself.
I use my cast iron skillet for eggs in olive oil every day, and I'm so glad to have learned more about it. It's a Calphalon.
It started out sticking a bit the first week, and I handwashed it with water and soap the first few times, but then I got lazy. Now I let it cool as I eat and then wipe it out with a paper towel. Early on, I had paper towel bits, but that got better too. I haven't washed it in three months now. I'm guessing that germs won't survive in hot oil, and it doesn't seem to go rancid as I remove/replace most of it daily. It sounds like olive oil is a bad choice for pans not used daily, so I will have to consider something else for the dutch oven, if I haul that out for Thanksgiving.
My husband used it for tilapia fish last night. If there is a lot of residue, I add more oil, reheat and scrape, then wipe with paper towel. All without actually moving the pan from its usual burner. Quick and easy. I might use soap and water again if there was an odor, or I might just let it pass.
After reading, I might use the metal spatula more, but I hate the scraping noise it makes. Maybe a little daily steel wool will have the same effect.
I prefer to add both oil and eggs to a cold pan, otherwise the edges of the eggs get overcooked (to my taste). Halfway through, I fold over any thin parts of the egg white to prevent that. Plus, I use oregano instead of pepper, since I can grow it and black pepper is a suspected carcinogen. (Family history makes me overcautious, plus I like oregano.) I tried adding a bit of spinach to my eggs, but there is likely a better green to use. Any suggestions?
Every morning, I let the dogs out, turn on the radio and the stove, add the olive oil, add the eggs. Start hot water for tea. Then rinse, wipe and refill two dog water bowls. Get plate spoon and fork, make tea. Then eggs are ready. I need to finish by turning the pan handle to the other side, so the oil will pool on the other side as it cools. Eat, surf, then scrub egg off my plate, feed the dogs, and then wipe the pan with a paper towel. The amazing thing is that my cholesterol has gone down.
Question - Are we right that germs won't survive hot oil?
I also live in zone 9 and the A/C drip has been a vital part of keeping my worms alive through the summer. I know you are unable to make physical changes, but if visual aesthetic is not a huge issue you could put you worm bin at chest height above your plantings(and redirect the water from there as you choose) thereby creating a more integrated system.
my current A/C drip system is a 3/4 inch piece of poly pipe(not permanently connected) which takes the condensate from the outlet under the roof into a 35 gallon Tupperware full of BSF larve which is full of holes in the bottom and sits on a couple of 2x4's above a 275 gal IBC(with the worms) with the top cut off. The bottom of the IBC stays open so the water is constantly moving through the system. During the summer the worms concentrate in the water(I think to stay cool). They also process a little less in the high heat, but it has been so cool for me to see how nature works, because during the summer is when the BSF come in strong(at least here in Houston) so I just shift where I put the scraps.
I'm having fun getting into all these cool permaculture projects and I'm gonna finish my PDC this fall.
Also I don't think I showed the outlet in the video, but at the bottom of the IBC(right now) there is about a 4 square foot boggy area. Some of the worms leave(hang out in the wet soil), but no mass exodus or anything. The A/C drip goes dry once it cools off in November/December and nature will take its course with those outside. I will water the rest to keep the bedding moist.
Sue: Yeah, I think you've got a point about being flexible. To be honest, I have some ideas of what my ideal life would look like, but I can't really know if I'm there until I'm on the inside living it. Mostly, I just know what I don't want - stress, an office job, to misspend valuable time and energy, and to live an ordinary life. I don't feel like I can wait 10 years to get address those things, but I can accept a 10 year journey away from them. Just so long as progress is being made. I really wish there was some step-by-step guide - or guideS - to self sufficiency! "Given you build this kind of house and find land in this price range and have this many people working to make it happen and devote this much time to it each week, this is approximately how much money things will costs, and this is approximately how much time each step in the process." Wouldn't that be fantastic?! I feel like a lot more people would have the courage to leave the system if something like that existed.
John: "Any day I can cross a big item off the list is a good day." That's a great attitude to have and one I need to work on in myself. Often, I have so many things I want to do, I get overwhelmed deciding which is the best or most important, and I end up accomplishing nothing. I'm your typical air sign, preferring to plan and come up with ideas rather than actually acting, but sometimes you really do just need to get started and accept that mistakes might happen.
Designating a collection of shared community tools that can be donated to sounds like a good idea. Rather than lending the tools how about a small rental fee and/or a refundable deposit when the tool is needed.
Tools eventually wear out from normal use. The rental fee could go into a tool replacement fund.